Gold jewellery can be quite delicate and needs to be cleaned gently to avoid abrasions and scratching. It’s also important to use a cleaner that doesn’t contain chlorine, as this can damage some types of gold. We recommend using a mild dishwashing soap or a jewellery cleaner that is specifically designed for gold.
You can also use a simple glass cleaner, but this should only be used on solid or diamond-set pieces as the chemicals found in most glasses cleaners can harm other stones and metals such as silver and platinum. In a pinch, a clean, soft-bristled toothbrush can be useful in breaking apart caked-in grime and working into nooks and crannies.
The type of alloy metals used to create gold can also impact its sensitivity to different cleaning methods, says Mallory Whitten, the manager at M.S. Rau Jewelry in New Orleans. “Lower-carat gold tends to tarnish more readily and may require more frequent cleaning due to the other elements in the alloy,” she says.
A gentle solution of warm water and a few drops of dish soap is often enough to remove mild stains, tarnish, and regular wear-and-tear. Soak your jewellery in the mixture for a few minutes, then scrub it with a soft brush. Pay special attention to any recessed areas, such as the prongs of gemstone settings. Be sure to rinse thoroughly with water before letting your pieces dry. You can also try an ultrasonic machine, which quickly and efficiently cleans many types of jewellery. Be sure to carefully read the instructions for your particular machine before use. gold jewellery cleaner