The Basics of English Grammar


Grammar is the specific set of rules that help us to arrange words in sentences in order to convey a proper meaning. English is the most widely spoken language worldwide and it has its own set of grammatical rules which help us to make our writings grammatically correct.

It is essential to know the basics of grammar so that you can understand the nuances of this language. This will make you capable of expressing yourself well in both written and spoken form.

There are two main types of grammar: descriptive grammar and transformational grammar. Descriptive grammar is the one used by speakers and writers.

Articles and Determiners

The article ‘a’ is placed before the word that starts with a vowel sound, for example, an hour, a doctor, an elephant. “An” is also used before the words that start with a consonant sound, for example, a usual, an exam, a hotel.

‘an’ is generally used in the first mention of a noun, for example, “He would like to live in a large house.” The article ‘the’ is used later on, for example, “The house that he is planning to buy has at least three bedrooms and two bathrooms.”

Restrictive relative clauses (defining, best thought of as giving extra information by narrowing down) are not enclosed by commas, as with non-restrictive clauses. Restrictive relative clauses are often used to indicate that the thing being described is already known, for example, “The house that Jack built is falling down.”


The basic elements of a sentence are the subject and predicate, which are often separated by conjunctions. A sentence is divided into an antecedent (which contains the information that the subject is about) and a dependent clause (which has to do with the subject).

Nouns are usually countable, but uncountable, depending on how they are used. For example, the word exam is countable, because you can have more than one examination at a time; concentration, on the other hand, is uncountable, because it doesn’t make sense to say that you have four concentrations when studying for your exams.

Adjectives are usually uncountable, but they can be countable if they are used in the right context. For example, the word “comfortable” can be used as an adjective because it’s comfortable to sit on a couch and watch television for hours.

Modifiers are usually uncountable, but they can also be countable if they’re used in the right context. For example, if the word “beautiful” is used in the right context, it can be used as an adjective.

Auxiliaries are usually uncountable, but they can sometimes be countable if they’re used with other verbs. For example, if the word “smooth” is used in the right context, it could be used as an auxiliary, since “smooth” is a verb.

The most important aspect of English grammar is to remember that all sentences should have a subject and a predicate. These parts of the sentence should match in number and tense. They should also agree in gender. ofcourse